About Ukraine

Ukraine is situated in the south-eastern part of Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km² making it the largest contiguous country on the European continent. It borders with Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Belarus and Russia.

Economically, Ukraine is a major industrial and agricultural producer. Ukraine is well endowed in natural resources and is known as Europe’s breadbasket.

Ukraine consists almost entirely of level plains and occupies a large portion of East European Plain. Central part of Ukraine consists of Dnepr Lowland, through which Dnepr River runs from north to south. Other lowlands extend along the shores of Black and Azov seas in southern Ukraine, while Crimean Peninsula, in the extreme south, has both lowlands and low mountains. Western Ukraine has some uplands, and Carpathian Mountains extend through that region for more than 240 km (150 miles).

Ukraine lies in temperate climatic zone and receives 16 to 24 inches (400 to 600 mm) of precipitation annually. Winter is rather mild, with no severe frosts but with regular snowfalls everywhere except the south. The rivers and lakes freeze in winter. Summer is quite hot and dry, with occasional showers. The fertile black soil is well watered in spring and autumn and gets plenty of sunshine in summer.

Due to favorable climatic conditions, Ukraine is traditionally an agricultural area. It grows wheat, maize, buckwheat and corn, red and green vegetables, different kinds of fruit, melons and berries. Ukraine is one of the world's main centers of sugar production. It produces sugar both, for her needs and for export.

The country is rich in natural resources, such as iron ore, coal, color metal, oil, gas, mineral salts, clay and potential water power. It has developed a varied industry, concentrated mostly in and around big cities, such as Kiev, Kharkiv, Odessa, Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zaporozhe, Dneprodzerzhinsk, Lvov, Nikolayev and others. It produces planes and ships, Lorries and buses, cars and heavy-locomotives, computers and electronic-equipment, precision instruments and agricultural machines, TV and radio set, chemicals and textiles, and various consumer goods. Odessa, Sevastopol, Nikolayev, Kherson and Kerch are main Ukrainian ports.

Ukraine is a democratic republic. Country citizens elect their president, parliament (Verkhovna Rada), city mayors and deputies of local regional and city councils by means of direct ballot vote. Constitution of Ukraine sets 40 hours working week, and also guarantees the right to annual vacation to its citizens. Ukrainian Constitution and laws guarantee that Ukrainian citizens cannot be discriminated or prosecuted for their political views or nationality.

Ukrainian educational system is considered to be one of the most developed in the world; it offers a big variety of educational opportunities to local and international students. There are almost 400 higher educational establishments (universities) in Ukraine. Among them there are 220 state institutions, and 93 privately owned, and a number of municipal institutions. One can obtain a higher education in universities, academies, or in establishments which are equivalent to universities, but are traditionally called "institutes" of 3rd and 4th level of accreditation. In recent years Ukraine has become a very popular destination for students mainly because of low cost of Education, global recognition, possibility of studying in English and international experience students are bound to gain by the time they finish their schooling.

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  • Facts about Ukraine   ( 0 Articles )

     

    ü ... One of the first universities in Europe was founded in Ukraine

    The Kyiv-Mohyla Academy is one of the oldest and the most distinguished academic and theological schools in Eastern Europe. It was established in 1632 by Petro Mohyla, a Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia. It played an important role in transmitting Renaissance ideals from Western Europe through Poland to Ukraine and Russia.

    ü ... Ukraine owns a 1/4 part of black earth soil of the world

    Ukraine has extremely fertile black soils in the central and southern portions, totaling more than a half of the territory. According to the estimates, arable land is 56%, permanent crops: 2%, meadows and pastures: 12%, forest and woodland: 10%, other: 20%. The word Chornozem, meaning "black soil" has become internationally recognised and refers to Ukrainian soil, assumed as the most fertile.

    ü ... Ukraine is one of the countries which have founded UNO more than half of the century ago

    Ukraine, with just 20 years of independent history to its name, actually participated in the foundation of the United Nations over half century ago. Ukrainian representatives participated in the drafting of the UN Statute adopted in 1945 thus qualifying as one of 51 countries to sign up as founders of the UN.

    ü ... Ukraine is one of the 5 countries - leaders in space research industry

    Young independent Ukraine confidently became one of the world space states due to its space research and production potential. The enterprises of space industry gain great experience in development and production of modern launch vehicles, spacecraft, engines, control and telemeter system. New materials and technologies are being phased in, and some of them have no counterparts. Space goods and services export increases from year to year.

    ü ... Geographical center of Europe is located in Ukraine

    The village of Dilove located on the Tisza River, close to the Romanian border, in the district of Rakhiv in the Transcarpathian region contains a historical marker and a large stone believed to mark the geographic centre of Europe as measured in 1887 by geographers from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The township today is a part of Ukraine. The interpretation of the worn Latin inscription on the monument is debated, with some claiming that the marker is merely one of a number of fixed triangulation points for surveying purposes established around the territory of the former Empire. The external borders of Europe taken into account during the calculations are not known. According to the description, the methodology used for the calculation is that of the geometrical middle point of the extreme latitudes and longitudes of Europe, so the stone was located at 48РВ°30'N 23РВ°23'E.


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  • Living in Ukraine   ( 0 Articles )

    Currency:


    National currency is Hryvnia (UHR).
    You can exchange foreign currency in banks, kiosks, in the international airport. In the airport the currency rate is the same as in other places.
    Payment for purchasing and services is done in Hryvnias. Nevertheless, some companies accept payments in US dollars. You can use credit cards of international payment systems. They can be used in many of the shops, hotels, transport companies, clubs and restaurants. In cities the network of exchange machines is well developed including the most popular banks.
    Here you can save money both in foreign currency and Ukrainian Hryvnia. Banks are situated in many regions of the country. It makes it easier to transfer money through companies like Western Union, Money Gram, etc.

    Transport:

    The international airport of Borispol is the air gate of the country, 36 km from Kiev. To get from the airport to Kiev you can take a taxi, shuttle-bus, bus. You can also order pick up service in the university.
    Besides Borispol airport you can make international flights from Simferopol, Odessa, Dnepropetrovsk, and Donetsk. International railway connections
    are available with such countries as Bulgaria, Check, Slovak, Germany and Poland. International bus trips may be made from Poland, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany. From Turkey you can come to Ukraine by ship.

    Ukraine has a well developed transportation system. So there will be no problems to get to any part of the country. You can travel all over the country by train or bus. The fare for the distance of 500 km is about US$12-15.
    Tickets on train you can buy in advance either at the railway station or in the city. On the day of departure a ticket can be bought on the station only.
    For air travel within the country you can buy tickets from the local companies. Flight cost for a distance of 500 km is about US$50. Local transport includes buses, trolleybuses, trams and taxis. The fare is US$0.15. You can buy tickets from the conductor or in yellow kiosks at stops. The fare for taxis is $US1.5 + US$0.20 per 1 km. In Kyiv, Kharkiv, Dnepropetrovsk you can take the underground (subway trains), paying at the entrance a ticket of US$0.40 (without time and destination limits!).During warm periods a water transport is quite comfortable: on the Dnieper river or by the Black sea.
    Travel in the city_ the students' Travel Pass on Government Transport {Subway Trains (The Tube), Trolleybuses and Trams} is issued by Universities & costs only 8 to 10 USD a month.

    Travel around the country_ the students are given discount of 50% from the normal price of Ticket in Trains, Buses etc.

    International abroad_ The International student Card is issued right after the students are admitted to the university. The students with International Student card are given discount of 30% from the normal price of Air Tickets.

    Food:

    Ukraine is a big agricultural country with different cooking traditions. Different food can be bought in shops, supermarkets and agricultural markets. Cafeterias, restaurants and fast food restaurants offer various cuisine. Food here in Ukraine is very cheap.

    Communication:

    The company UKRTELECOM provides excellent telephone communications both in Ukraine and all over the world. Most of the universities provide access to Internet for their students. There are also a lot of Internet-cafes. You can use services of fast mail, represented by DHL, Federal Express, UPS, TNT and other companies.

    Medical Services:

    Most of the state universities provide free medical service in student’s hospitals. Students can also go to state and private hospitals, where medical services are to be paid.

    Holidays:

    New Year 1st of January
    Orthodox Christmas 7th of January
    International Women Day 8th of March
    Orthodox Easter
    Labor’s Day 1st of May
    Victory Day 9th of May
    Trinity Sunday
    Constitution Day 28th of June
    Day of Independence 24th of August

    Expenses in Ukraine:

    In order to live comfortably while you are in all over the Ukraine, the student will need to have about 2000 $ US per year available for living costs, above the cost of your tuition. The cost of living in Ukraine are much lower than those in most European cities. It is difficult to give a precise figure because of differences in the student lifestyle. We are giving approximate costs below:

    Stationary _ the stationary needed for student costs very low. For example a bundle of 1000 A4 size papers costs 5 USD. Pen, Pencils other products are extremely cheap.

    Books _ the text books are free and are provided by University Library.

    Clothing _ good Jeans cost 20-50 USD, Shirts cost 5-15 USD, and T-Shirts cost 5-12 USD


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